New Applications of Electric Bicycles in the Military: The French Military Introduces Electric Bicycles as Operational Tools

Electric bicycles are currently a highly popular mode of transportation, known for their versatility and convenience. They have extended into various categories, continuously expanding their range of applications, from daily commuting to large-scale commercial use. In addition to everyday scenarios, their agility and flexibility have garnered the favor of military forces worldwide, including countries such as Denmark, the United Arab Emirates, New Zealand, and Australia, as highlighted in the “Electric Bicycles Entering the Military Domain: Multiple Armies Deploying” article on “唯轮网.”

Introduction of Electric Bicycles by the French Military

An increasing number of armed forces are incorporating electric bicycles into their operational systems, and now the French military has joined in, announcing the completion of the first-phase testing of electric two-wheelers. The French military has officially disclosed the models of electric bicycles they are using, both of which are produced by the high-performance electric bicycle company LMX Bikes in France.

The first model, LMX 56, is an electric bicycle, often referred to as a high-speed electric bicycle in France, similar to a Class 3 electric bicycle in the United States, capable of reaching speeds of up to 28 miles per hour (45 kilometers per hour). The second model is a lightweight electric motorcycle known as LMX 161, which can reach speeds of up to 50 miles per hour (80 kilometers per hour) and weighs only 99 pounds (45 kilograms).

These two hybrid electric bicycles are well-suited for military applications, as their fast and agile nature can meet various operational needs. While motorcycles have long been used in military applications, electric bicycles offer the advantage of quieter electric operation compared to traditional internal combustion engines, making them more tactically promising. The use of lightweight electric motorcycles in Ukraine during the conflict with Russia has demonstrated the role of electric bicycles in positioning sniper teams and transporting anti-tank rockets.

Military Forces Worldwide Are Embracing Electric Bicycles

In addition to France, armed forces in other countries are actively exploring the use of electric bicycles on the battlefield.

In 2018, the Norwegian armed forces began testing fat-tire electric bicycles for their border patrol duties.

The New Zealand Defence Force started using UBCO’s multifunctional electric bicycles in 2020.

Australian soldiers began using stealth electric bicycles in 2021, and electric motorcycles were mounted on helicopters for the first time. This combination allows special operations teams to be rapidly deployed to mission areas.

In recent years, the British armed forces have been evaluating and considering the use of lightweight electric motorcycles similar to those used in the Ukraine-Russia conflict.

Several special forces in Europe and the Middle East have also tested high-powered electric mountain bikes for field use, with some even airdropping electric off-road vehicles onto the battlefield.

The U.S. military has also conducted testing of electric lightweight motorcycles manufactured by the Haak Bikes company.

Driving Technological Advancements in the Industry

Military vehicles have different requirements compared to civilian products, with military electric bicycles typically emphasizing stealth and rapid mobility to meet the needs of reconnaissance and special operations forces. Design considerations may include the need to reduce size for inconspicuousness and quick maneuverability. In contrast, civilian electric bicycles prioritize convenience, comfort, and cost-effectiveness for short-distance everyday travel, with lower requirements in this regard.

Military electric bicycles often need to exhibit higher durability and adaptability due to variations in usage conditions, while civilian electric bicycles are mainly intended for personal or commercial use, with numerous brands and models available on the market.

Performance-wise, military electric bicycles may have higher technical specifications, including speed and range, to meet the demands of specific missions, while civilian electric bicycles are more focused on price and practicality.

Furthermore, military electric bicycles are typically procured by military or government agencies and customized according to specific requirements, while civilian electric bicycles are purchased by individuals or commercial entities, with a variety of brands and models to choose from.

The application of electric bicycles in the military sector not only enhances the quality and technological level of electric bicycles but also benefits the civilian market. It contributes to improving the overall product quality and technological advancements within the electric bicycle industry, positively driving its development.

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